18 May 2019 - 13:19
  • News Code: 289204
Egypt Petroleum and Refining Industry

TEHRAN (Shana) -- Egypt sits atop 4.4 billion barrels of crude oil in place, and produces 650,000 b/d of crude oil and liquids.

Egypt sits atop 4.4 billion barrels of crude oil in place, and produces 650,000 b/d of crude oil and liquids.

Egypt is the 6th largest owner of oil reserves in Africa and the largest non-OPEC oil producer in the continent. With a rated refining capacity of 720,000 b/d, Egypt is known as the largest African refiner. Furthermore, due to enjoying the Suez Canal and a 200-mile pipeline, the country remains the largest supplier of crude oil from the Persian Gulf to Europe and America.

Offshore oil reserves account for half of the Egypt oil reserves. Currently more than half of Egypt’s crude oil production is supplied from the Gulf of Suez. The Eastern Desert, Western Desert and Sinai Peninsula regions are among the major producers of oil in Egypt. Based on estimates, Safaga Quseir in Eastern Desert contains 4.5 million barrels of oil, while Abu Tartour in Western Desert holds 1.2 million barrels of shale oil.

Egypt was once a major player in oil supply in the world, but over recent years its production has declined significantly and the country has turned into a net- importer, i.e. an exporter has simply become an importer. Egypt’s state-run company Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC) handles petroleum industry affairs in the Arab country. Britain’s BP, Royal Dutch Shell and Italy’s ENI are the leading foreign companies present in Egypt’s petroleum industry.

Egypt’s refining industry is a state-run industry. Of a total 10 refineries in Egypt, only one belongs to the private sector. Therefore, the refining industry is attracting less investment in the upstream sector. In 2015, investment in Egypt’s refining industry totaled $40 million, while investment in the upstream sector totaled $230 million.

However, Egypt imported oil products worth $ 6.2 billion in 2016 and oil products worth about $7 billion in the first three quarters of 2017. Petroleum products account for 38% of Egypt’s total imports.

Under a long-term five-year agreement, Saudi Arabia will be exporting 700,000 tonnes a month of oil products to Egypt. Kuwait will be also exporting 1.5 million tonnes a year of oil products and 2 million barrels per month of oil to Kuwait. Furthermore, Kuwait Energy has invested in Al Jahra field in Western Desert.      

Oil Refineries in Egypt

Company

Location

Refining Capacity (b/d)

Refinery

Cairo Petroleum Refining

Cairo

142.000

MOSTOROD

Alexandria Petroleum

Alexandria

100.000

Alexandria

Nasr Petroleum

El Nasr

143.000

El Nasr

Middle East Oil Refinery

Alexandria

100.000

MIDOR

AmreyaPetroleum Refining

Alexandria

75.000

Amreya

Suez Petroleum Processing

Suez

68.000

Suez

Assiut Petroleum Refining

Assiut

50.000

Assiut

Cairo Petroleum Refining

Tanta

35.000

Tanta

Nasr Petroleum

WadiFerain

8.500

WadiFerain

Egypt’s state-run Middle East Oil Refinery Co. (Midor) was established in 2007 to help meet domestic demand. It has been seeking to upgrade refineries in order to strike a balance between supply and demand in oil products consumption.

Egypt is currently able to meet only 65% of its domestic needs. The country depends on imports for the rest, which amounts to 300,000 b/d.

Given the growing consumption trend in Egypt and no significant increase in supply, imports are expected to go upward. According to statistics, crude oil consumption in Egypt has increased about 16% year-on-year from 2007 to 2017 to reach 802,000 b/d.

The important point in Egypt’s refining industry is that all refineries in Egypt are facing technical problems and have decrepit installations. Therefore, they are treating crude oil below their capacity and all products may not be exported.

Egypt is seeking to enhance its refining capacity, but optimization of refineries has been delayed. For instance Midor was expected to enhance its refining capacity in 2018, but it may reach the target next year. The Egyptian Refining Corporation (ERC) was also to finish the development of MOSTOROD refinery in 2017, but due to technical problems the project has been postponed to 2020.

In case the current circumstances remain unchanged in Egypt’s refining industry, the country is unlikely to see any significant jump in production and refining in the short and mid-term. It will only have to strike a balance to production and refining on one side and consumption, on the other. Oil analysts believe that these objectives are hard to be achieved due to numerous reasons including economic issues.

by Iman Nikzad

Courtesy of Iran Petroleum

News Code 289204

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